A forklift is a device that has two forks in front of it and it is used to move equipment up and down as well as to move it.
The current and modern form of modern forklifts has gradually evolved from the mid-nineteenth to the twentieth century.
In 1906, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company used the first electric forklift to carry passengers’ load by train.
In 1917, Clark began using tractors and forklifts in the United States.
In 1919, Tow Motor Company and Yale and in 1920, Towne Manufacturing entered the American forklift market.
During the 1920s and 1930s, the use of forklifts increased dramatically.
During and after World War II, more efficient methods were developed for storage in large warehouses, and warehouses required forklifts with high maneuverability and more capacity, and this need led to the introduction of new forklift models in the market.
In 1956, Toyota introduced its first LA Series forklift in Japan, and in 1967, Toyota’s first forklift was sold in the United States.
A forklift is a modern industrial machine that is used with the help of forks with different shapes and vertical masts to lift, move and store all kinds of cargo such as barrels, pipes, sheets, boxes, pallets, etc.
Forklifts are designed for both indoor and outdoor work. Forklifts are usually designed and built-in capacities of less than one ton to more than 48 tons. In various books, forklifts are also called Forklift Truck and Lift truck.
In 1906, the Pennsylvania Railroad used battery-operated platforms mounted on trucks to move cargo at train stations. During the First World War, considerable progress was made in the movement of military equipment. Due to the war and as a result of the severe reduction of manpower, the need to manufacture and produce various types of equipment for moving cargo and materials became more apparent. In 1917, the American company CLARK designed, manufactured, and used forklift-like tractors in its factories, and in 1920 the first forklifts were built and introduced to the market by YALE and TOW MOTOR.
Between 1930 and 1920, the continuous development and improvement in the construction and use of forklifts accelerated and reached its peak with the outbreak of World War II. During the war, more efficient methods for storing materials and loads by forklifts were invented.
Larger and newer warehouses needed forklifts that were more maneuverable and able to move heavier and larger loads at higher altitudes and with greater safety in the shortest possible time. Therefore, the forklift manufacturing industry was changed in those years to meet the new needs of the market.
From the middle of the nineteenth century until today, many advances have been made in the forklift industry and modern forklifts have been designed and built with many capabilities. Today, large forklift companies are researching to build forklifts not only with many capabilities but also are more suitable in terms of safety and environmentally friendly.
Todays, forklifts in various types and capacities are made with solid tires and pneumatic tires for various applications in industries such as ports and shipbuilding, metal industry, construction industry, manufacturing workshops, warehouses, etc.
The first Toyota forklift sold in the United States
This machine has a rig, prongs, and attachments that are designed and manufactured according to their type of activity in cargo storage, transportation, and handling.
The main application of forklift:
The use of this device in places with more construction has a special application because this device can easily lift building materials and equipment and move it anywhere.
Forklifts in warehouses can move equipment easily and on a large scale.
The forks of this device can rise above the forklift itself and place the equipment at the highest level of other vehicles, and therefore they can easily use this device to load trucks.
Types of forklifts according to the type of engine:
One of the most important parts of a forklift is the forklift engine, which provides the power and torque needed to operate the forklift.
Today, forklifts use different types of fuel to start the engine. Diesel, petrol, gas, gasoline, and electric power are the most important ones. The fuel of this car depends on the place where it is used, which is usually electric, fossil, or gas.
Diesel forklifts are ideal for outdoor use because the exhaust fumes and diesel particles are dispersed outdoors and do not address environmental, health, and safety issues.
However, catalysts and exhaust purifiers can reduce harmful gas emissions and make forklifts usable for indoor use.
Diesel engines are more efficient than LPG engines. The 50-liter fuel tank of a diesel forklift is more efficient than the 18 kg gas cylinder of a gas forklift.
Higher torque is another advantage of diesel forklifts over gas burners, which makes it more powerful on slopes and heavy work.
There are different types of this type of forklift in tonnages of 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15 tons, etc.
They are noisy and the exhaust fumes can be harmful to some people with certain diseases. It may also trigger smoke alarms when used indoors.
Their large size means that they need more space to work, but this usually does not pose a problem when used outdoors.
Their initial cost is less than an electric forklift but is usually slightly more expensive than a dual-burner. Their maintenance cost is higher than an electric forklift but less than a dual-fuel forklift.
Dual-fuel forklift (LPG and gasoline)
LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) forklifts are very popular due to their competitive pricing and suitability for use in open and closed environments and ease of operation.
The engines of these forklifts are a derivative of the same dual-burner engine used in cars, so the parts are easily available at reasonable prices.
LPG forklifts are quieter than diesel and their exhaust vapors are much less polluting than diesel forklifts.
Exhaust catalysts perform better at high temperatures than diesel forklifts.
The displacement speed, acceleration, and high lift speed of the dual-burner forklift are more applicable in the industry.
While they are cheaper than other models, they also have higher maintenance and fuel costs.
Like diesel forklifts, antifreeze should be used for winter service.
Electric forklifts are completely environmentally friendly. They do not have smoke and harmful pollutants. Moreover, they are completely silent. Due to the lower weight of the battery, which itself acts as the balance weight, they are smaller in size and move much easier.
The cost of charging the battery at low tariffs is less than the cost of gas or diesel fuel.
Electric forklifts are generally simpler to operate than diesel and gas engine forklifts because they have only one accelerator pedal and one brake pedal and do not have automatic or manual gears.
The maintenance costs of electric forklifts are significantly lower than those of diesel and gas forklifts.
Stacker, counterbalance, reload truck are all types of electric forklifts.
The higher initial cost is a major demerit due to its expensive batteries and chargers. It is also not possible to use them while charging unless an extra battery is provided, which adds to the cost.
Electric forklifts need a smooth surface to operate. Excessive use of sloping surfaces quickly reduces battery charge, but with a stronger battery, this cannot be considered a problem.
The operation of electric forklifts in humid areas is still an issue because the humid climate causes problems with wiring and electrical components.
Forklift roll holder
Roll holder is one of the forklift extensions which, as its name suggests, is designed to have two large arms to hold
Moving tubular objects such as paper rolls, wood, pipes can be used in various industries.
These forklift rollers can rotate 360 °.
A baler is an attachment to a forklift that can move loads that are in the form of a baler.
Paper textiles, recycled materials, factory raw materials, hemp and cotton industries, pulp, etc. are some of this type, which is used for moving them.
Forklift side shift
Side Shift is an extension that can be used to move the load transversely, i.e. left and right, during loading or palm loading.
Side shifts can help save time for forklift tasks.
Block Clamps is one of the extensions that can be installed on forklifts and this device is used to lift blocks.
This is how the blocker works: it locks next to the desired product and holds it with pressure.
These extensions are mostly used in construction, ceramic tile industry, and the like.